The Marine Corps has existed for over two hundred years, and they have found campaigns on all different continents, and in all different situations. During the Korean War, with the severe cold the Marines realized that they needed to have a training facility that would mimic some of the possible severe conditions can be found sometimes on the battlefield. Extremes of snow and cold can be encountered, and if troops have trained using extreme conditions then they can perform under the same conditions when they are encountered on the battlefield. The Marine Corps has a Mountain Training Facility in Toiyabe National Forest located in California. Temperatures can range from the 80s or 90s in the summertime to as cold as 10 degrees in the winter, with up to 10 feet of snow.
The Marine Corps established the facility just after the start of the Korean War in 1951, to provide expert training and preparation for troops and personnel that were headed overseas to the Korean War. The purpose and vision of the Mountain Warfare Marine Corps Training Center include to be the venue and prime location for the DoD cold weather training, to provide education and training in cold weather and extreme weather operations for Mountain Warrior soldiers, to train and support instructors for the Marine Corps and sister services for Mountain Warfare, and to fully support MAGTF and JTF training and joint exercises.
The training facility is part of the Marine Corps Ground/Marine Corps Air Task Command Force. They are supported and supplied at the Marine Corps Training Mountain Center Command by other Marine Corps units and installations in the West. The training includes operations to conduct individual and Marine Corps unit training. They also train personnel for Allied Forces, Air Force, Joint sister services, and other friendly personnel for mountain, cold weather, and high altitude missions. The Marine Corps training facility for the Mountain Warrior Program is located at Pickle Meadow on California Highway 108, and it is a world-class mountain and cold weather training facility.
Because it is located in a US National Forest, the United States Government has a agreement between the Marine Corps and the Forrest service to use the area to train both United States Personnel and allied friendly international personnel in Mountain fighting and cold weather operations.