Land based conflict is often the largest part of war, and the United States Army is the military service that is responsible for fighting and triumphing in any Land based conflict or War. The infantry soldier is the core of today?s Army, and they support both the operational and institutional Army components. The core and the essence of the US Army has always been the infantry, which has a very proud tradition. The mission of the United States Army from the earliest days of the American Revolution 1700?s with the first Minutemen to the different 21st century warriors of today?s Army Infantry.
There are three district military departments ?The Army, the Navy, and the Air Force. Each of the three are members of the central core of the Department of Defense. The United States Army has both Operational and Institutional Missions:
Operational Army- It is an organization with over a 225-year history of service, and stands proudly in defense of our nation, our society, and our way of life. The operational Army is made up of numbered Armies, corps, divisions, brigades, and battalions. The operational Army is the functional arm of the United States Army. The United States Army stands ready to serve America at a moments notice. Regardless of the mission, or whether the issue involves the Operational or Institutional part of the Army, the Army is ready. The operational Army consists of both the Army Reserve, The Air National Guard, The Army National Guard, and the active duty Army. They conduct operations and full spectrum missions in Army facilities around the world.
Institutional Army- The Institutional Army provides the means to insure the Army readiness of all Army forces. The institutional Army provides the means to train, equip, deploy, and raise soldiers to fight and train and makes sure that operational readiness is achieved. It operates the Army industrial base with the power platforms, world-class equipment, and logistics to deploy land forces swiftly. It gives the Operational Army the means to expand rapidly when needed.
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The Institutional Army provides educational training, skills, and other training to Army soldiers. It also helps train allied and NATO forces and the Army sister services. The institutional Army provides the means for the operational Army to function.